Test 03 - Transcription

Part I – AVIATION TOPICS

Ok, shall we start? In this part, you will answer some questions related to aviation.


1) Why is situational awareness important for a pilot?


2) How was your first solo flight? How did you feel? Do you remember the aircraft?


3) What will airplanes look like in the next 20 years?


Thank you. This is the end of part one. Let’s move on to the second part of the test.


Part II – INTERACTING AS A PILOT

 

In this part, you will interact with the Air Traffic Control in five different situations. You may ask the controller to say again once. After listening to the controller, you should interact as the pilot. All
information is important. You may take notes if you wish.

 

You are the pilot of a twin-engined aircraft. Your call sign is ANAC 123.
 

Are the instructions clear? OK, so let’s start. Situation number one:
 

Situation 1) You are taking off from Washington Dulles International Airport. Listen to Dulles Tower and read back.


Áudio: ANAC 123. Dulles Tower. Cleared to take-off. Runway 01 Center. After takeoff, proceed on CAPITAL 1 DEPARTURE. After passing 8,000 feet, contact Potomac Departure on 125.05.
 

Now, after takeoff you realized the nose landing gear didn’t retract. Contact Potomac Departure, inform this situation and your intentions. Then, listen to the controller and interact.
 

Áudio: ANAC 123. Potomac Departure. Cleared for immediate return. Turn right. Heading 150. Descend to 5,000 feet at my discretion. Contact Potomac Approach on 120.45. Confirm if your main landing gear didn’t retract.


What did the controller say?
 

Thank you. This is the end of situation number 1. Now, situation number 2.
 

Situation 2) You are approaching to Santiago International Airport. Listen to Santiago Approach and read back.
 

Áudio: ANAC 123. Santiago Approach. Due to heavy traffic. Hold at PUDAHUEL VOR and maintain FL090. Expect a 25-minute delay.
 

Now, after holding for ten minutes you have noticed you are running out of fuel. Contact Santiago Approach, inform this situation and your intentions. Then, listen to the controller and interact.
 

Áudio: ANAC 123. I will give you priority to land. Heading 355. Cleared to land. Runway 17 Right. Wind 195 degrees at 5 knots.
 

What did the controller say?
 

Thank you. This is the end of situation number 2. Now, situation number 3.
 

Situation 3) You are on a cruise flight from Seattle to Shanghai. Listen to Anchorage Center and read back.


Áudio: ANAC 123. Anchorage Center. Stop descent at FL340. There is traffic climbing to FL390, 12 o’clock, 12 miles from your position. Expect descent clearance in 5 minutes.


Now, you’ve suffered a sudden depressurization. Contact Anchorage Center, inform this situation and your intentions. Then, listen to the controller and interact.
 

Áudio: ANAC 123. Cleared to descend to FL100 at your discretion. Turn right. Heading 300. When reaching FL100, contact Anchorage Approach on 119.1. I understood you have smoke in the cockpit. Confirm.
 

What did the controller say?
 

Thank you. This is the end of situation number 3. Now, situation number 4.
 

Situation 4) You are going to start taxiing at Munich International Airport in Germany. Listen to Munich Ground and read back.
 

Áudio: ANAC 123. Munich Ground. Cleared to taxi to the holding point, runway 26 Right via taxiway November. Hold short on the intersection of taxiway November Alfa 12. Be aware of Germanwings Boeing 737 crossing from taxiway Mike to November via intersection Alfa 10. Contact Munich Tower on 118.7.
 

Now, while you were taxiing this situation happened to you (Show this picture to the test taker). Call Munich Ground, inform this situation and your intentions. Then, listen to the controller and interact.

 

(image)

  

Part III – UNEXPECTED SITUATIONS 

In this part of the test, you will listen to three different communications between pilots and air traffic controllers.

 

The recordings will be played twice. There is a five-second pause before the recording is repeated. After listening to the recording, you should tell me everything that the pilot and the controller said. I will then ask you a question.


At the end of Part three, I will ask you to compare the three situations, so please take notes. All information is important. Do you have any questions?
 

Situation 1)
Pilot: MAYDAY MADAY MADAY. Lyon Center. Tiger 267. We have a navigation system failure. We have disagreement on our indications. We request vectors to the nearest suitable airport.


ATC: Tiger 267. Roger. Maintain present heading. Confirm if you are under visual meteorological conditions.
 

Tell me everything you heard, please.
 

Do you think that modern navigation systems can improve the safety of the flight?
 

Situation 2) Pilot: Miami Approach. American 3258. We are having a failure in our hydraulic system. We request vectors to land at Miami Airport. We are unable to land on runway 08 Left. We request a larger runway due to a flap-up landing.
 

ATC: American 3258. Miami Approach. Roger. Maintain heading 070. Cleared to land. Runway 09. Report when establishing the localizer.


Tell me everything you heard, please.


In your opinion, why should a pilot choose the longest runway when faced with a similar scenario?
 

Situation 3)
ATC: N62892. Washington Center. Turn left. Heading 235 due to CB’s 30 miles ahead of you. Be advised of severe turbulence.


Pilot: Washington Center. N62892. We request vectors for immediate return to Washington Airport. We are experiencing strong head winds.
 

Tell me everything you heard, please.
 

What are the threats of flying inside a CB?
 

Now, after listening to these three situations:
How would you compare them, which one do you think is the most difficult to deal with and why?
 

You may want to compare them in terms of severity, possible solutions or ways of prevention.
 

Thank you! This is the end of part three. Let’s now move on to the last part of the test, part four.

Part IV - PICTURE DESCRIPTION AND  DISCUSSION

In this part of the test, you will tell me what you can see in this picture and what you think is happening in it. After that, I will ask you some questions. Look at the picture carefully. You may take a few moments to think before you start talking.
 

Are the instructions clear?


1) Please describe this picture to me.


2) What do you think happened before this picture was taken?


3) Now imagine that this picture has just been taken: What do you think will happen next?


4) Under what circumstances could it have happened?

5) Can you imagine improvements that could prevent a tail-strike in the future?


6) Now, I am going to read a statement to you and then you will have to tell me to what extent you agree or disagree with it: “It is difficult to identify a cause for tail-strikes once there are a lot of factors involved.”


Ok, thank you! So this is the end of the test.

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