Test 12 - Transcription

Part I – AVIATION TOPICS

Ok, shall we start? In this part, you will answer some questions related to aviation.

 

1) When do pilots need to perform an emergency landing?

 

2) How was your experience of training to become a pilot?

 

3) What will aviation be like in 10 years, in your opinion?

Thank you. This is the end of part one. Let’s move on to the second part of the test.


Part II – INTERACTING AS A PILOT

 

In this part, you will interact with the Air Traffic Control in five different situations. You may ask the controller to say again once. After listening to the controller, you should interact as the pilot.

 

All information is important. You may take notes if you wish.

 

You are the pilot of a twin-engined aircraft. Your call sign is ANAC 123.

 

Are the instructions clear? OK, so let’s start. Situation number one:

 

Situation 1) You have just taken off from Miami Airport. Listen to Miami Tower and read back.

 

Áudio: ANAC 123, [maintain runway heading], [climb to seven thousand feet], [squawk four four three seven]. Contact Miami departure on frequency [one two two point four].

 

Now, your main altimeter and the stand-by one are showing different indications and you decided to maintain current altitude. Call Miami Departure to report the situation and say your intentions. Then listen to the controller and interact.

 

Áudio: ANAC 123, [maintain present altitude], [there is no traffic in this sector]. Confirm you have [unreliable altimeter indications]

What did the controller say?

 

Thank you. This is the end of situation number 1. Now, situation number 2.

 

Situation 2) You are going to land at Malpensa Airport in Milan. Listen to Milan Center and read back.

 

Áudio: ANAC 123, [descend to flight level one zero zero]. [Pass (ODINA) intersection] [above flight level one eight zero]. [When reaching flight level one zero zero], call Milan Radar [on frequency one two six decimal three]

 

Now, when reaching flight level one zero zero, you notice that your first officer is unconscious. Call Milan Radar to report the situation and inform them about your intentions. Then listen to the controller and interact

 

Áudio: ANAC 123, Milan Radar. [Confirm your captain is incapacitated]. [Proceed direct to (Saronno) VOR] and [descend to three thousand feet].

What did the controller say?

 

Thank you. This is the end of situation number 2. Now, situation number 3.

 

Situation 3) You are on a cruise flight to Frankfurt Airport. Listen to Frankfurt Center and read back.

 

Áudio: ANAC 123, [traffic is overtaken]. [Descend to flight level two niner zero].

 

Now, you are experiencing a sudden depressurization. Call Frankfurt Center to report the situation and say you intentions. Then listen to the controller and interact.

 

Áudio: ANAC 123, [descend to flight level zero niner zero], [I understand you had a loss of hydraulic pressure], confirm?

 

What did the controller say?

 

Thank you. This is the end of situation number 3. Now, situation number 4.

 

Situation 4) You have just departed from Ezeiza Airport in Buenos Aires. Listen to Ezeiza Tower and read back.

 

Áudio: ANAC 123, [maintain runway heading], [climb to flight level zero seven zero]. [Expedite climb]. Call Buenos Aires departure on frequency [one two five decimal six zero].

Now, during your climb, you hear a loud noise and you face up to this situation. Contact Carrasco Departure, inform this situation and say your intentions.Now, when crossing three thousand feet, you see this situation on your weather radar (show the picture to the test taker) and you decide to deviate to the right. Call Buenos Aires Departure and say your intentions. Then, listen to the controller and interact.

Áudio: ANAC 123, [increase rate of climb] [until passing flight level zero six zero] [confirm you need to deviate to the right due to bad weather].

 

What did the controller say?

 

Thank you. This is the end of situation number 4. Now, situation number 5.

 

Situation 5) You are preparing for takeoff from Santos Dumont Airport. Listen to Santos Dumont Clearance and read back.

 

Áudio: ANAC 123, expect start up at three five and runway two zero left. [you are cleared to Confins airport] [via Upper Zulu four], [flight level three six zero]. Pumso One Charlie Departure ISRIN transition. [Squawk four seven five one]. Read back.

 

Now, after takeoff, this happens to you (show the picture to the candidate). Because of this situation, you have decided to divert to Galeao Airport. Call Rio Approach, explain the situation and say your intentions. Then, listen to Rio Approach and interact.

Áudio: ANAC 123, [I’ll give you priority to land at Santos Dumont airport]. Turn left [heading two five zero]. [Expect visual approach runway two zero left].

 

What did the controller say? Thank you. This is the end of part two. Let’s move on to the third part of the test.

Part III – UNEXPECTED SITUATIONS 

In this part of the test, you will listen to three different communications between pilots and air traffic controllers.

 

The recordings will be played twice. There is a five-second pause before the recording is repeated. After listening to the recording, you should tell me everything that the pilot and the controller said.

I will then ask you a question.

 

At the end of Part three, I will ask you to compare the three situations, so please take notes. All information is important. Do you have any questions?

 

Situation 1) Pilot: Miami Center, American 2493, we are now [experiencing heavy turbulence] [at flight level three zero zero]. [A passenger is injured]. [Request return to Miami].

 

ATC: American 2493, roger. Turn right [heading one one five] and [descend to flight level two four zero]. [Medical assistance will be provided upon arrival].

 

Tell me everything you heard, please.

 

How can a pilot avoid a bad weather situation when overflying the ocean?

 

Situation 2) Pilot: : Dubai Control, Emirates 075. [I had a tail strike during takeoff]. [We need to climb] [to the minimum safe altitude] [in order to check our systems] before returning.

 

ATC: : Emirates 075. Roger. [Climb to four thousand feet], [maintain radial one two zero], [call back for vectors to return].

 

Tell me everything you heard, please.

 

What kind of emergency or abnormal situations can a pilot experience during takeoff roll?

 

Situation 3) Pilot: : Mayday, mayday, mayday, Dubai Departure, Skydubai 523. [We lost thrust in both engines]. [We’ll try to return to Dubai], [but we might need to ditch].

 

ATC: Skydubai 523, roger. [Turn left] [heading two three zero]. [Expect to land on runway three zero right]. 

 

Tell me everything you heard, please.

 

What may happen to a twin-engined aircraft if both engines fail in-flight?

 

 

Now, after listening to these three situations: How would you compare them, which one do you think is the most difficult to deal with and why? You may want to compare them in terms of severity, possible solutions or ways of prevention.

Thank you! This is the end of part three. Let’s now move on to the last part of the test, part four.

Part IV - PICTURE DESCRIPTION AND  DISCUSSION

In this part of the test, you will tell me what you can see in this picture and what you think is happening in it. After that, I will ask you some questions. Look at the picture carefully. You may take a few moments to think before you start talking. Are the instructions clear?

1) Please describe this picture to me.

 

2) What do you think happened before this picture was taken?

 

3) Now imagine that this picture has just been taken: What do you think will happen next?

 

4) How dangerous can a burst tyre be during aircraft operations?

5) How are traffic operations at airports affected when there is a damaged aircraft obstructing the runway?

6) Now, I am going to read a statement to you and then you will have to tell me to what extent you agree or disagree with it: “Anomalies during takeoff roll such as an underinflated tyre might cause instability and, therefore, a takeoff rejection.”

 

Ok, thank you! So this is the end of the test.

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