Test 11 - Transcription

Part I – AVIATION TOPICS

Ok, shall we start? In this part, you will answer some questions related to aviation.

 

1) What must pilots take into consideration before performing an emergency evacuation?

 

2) In your opinion, what has changed in the Brazilian aviation over the last ten years?

 

3) What kind of weather can cause problems to an aircraft?

Thank you. This is the end of part one. Let’s move on to the second part of the test.


Part II – INTERACTING AS A PILOT

 

In this part, you will interact with the Air Traffic Control in five different situations. You may ask the controller to say again once. After listening to the controller, you should interact as the pilot.

 

All information is important. You may take notes if you wish.

 

You are the pilot of a twin-engined aircraft. Your call sign is ANAC 123.

 

Are the instructions clear? OK, so let’s start. Situation number one:

 

Situation 1) You are flying from Miami to New York at FL350. Your maximum ceiling due to weight constraints is FL390. Listen to Houston Center and read back.

 

Áudio: ANAC 123. Houston Center. Squawk ident. Keep FL350. Be aware of icing conditions at FL270 up to FL290. Say your intentions.

 

Now, you have realized you have a malfunction in the de-icing system and you can face icing conditions. Call Houston Center, inform this situation, request to descend to FL230 and to divert to Charlotte Airport.

 

Áudio: ANAC 123. Your message was blocked. Follow your flight plan and maintain FL350.

 

What did the controller say?

 

Thank you. This is the end of situation number 1. Now, situation number 2.

 

Situation 2) You are going to receive vectors to land at Galeão Airport. Listen to Rio Approach Control and read back.

 

Áudio: ANAC 123. Rio Approach. Descend to 5,000 feet. Turn left. Heading 270. Reduce speed to 250 Knots.

 

Now, it has been a long time you don’t receive vectors to land at Galeão Airport and you realize there are some mountains ahead of you. Contact Rio Approach, say this situation and ask for new vectors.

 

Áudio: ANAC 123. Turn right. Heading 100. Confirm if you intend to divert to Santos Dumont Airport.

 

What did the controller say?

 

Thank you. This is the end of situation number 2. Now, situation number 3.

 

Situation 3) You are on the short final during the night to land at Heathrow Airport in London. Listen to Heathrow Tower and read back.

 

Áudio: ANAC 123. Cleared to land. Runway 27 Right. Confirm if you have visual contact with the runway lights. Wind 250 degrees at 10 knots.

 

Now, after landing you notice that your nose wheel steering is inoperative and you are not able to vacate the runway. Contact Heathrow Tower, explain this situation and say your intentions.

 

Áudio: ANAC 123. Roger. Hold position. Assistance is on the way. Confirm your main landing gear collapsed.

 

What did the controller say?

 

Thank you. This is the end of situation number 3. Now, situation number 4.

 

Situation 4) You are going to take-off from Carrasco International Airport. Listen to Carrasco Tower and read back.

 

Áudio: ANAC 123. Cleared to align and take-off. Runway 06. Wind 050 degrees at 12 knots.

 

Now, during your climb, you hear a loud noise and you face up to this situation. Contact Carrasco Departure, inform this situation and say your intentions.

Áudio: ANAC 123. You are under radar vectors. Maintain present heading. Descend to FL060. Maintain rate of descent of 1,000 feet per minute. Confirm if you experienced wind shear.

 

What did the controller say?

 

Thank you. This is the end of situation number 4. Now, situation number 5.

 

Situation 5) You are going to land at Jacarepagua Airport. Listen to Jacarepagua Tower and read back.

 

Áudio: ANAC 123. You are cleared for visual approach. Runway 02. Maintain separation of the Phenom on the downwind leg. Number 3 for landing.

 

Now, you experience this situation on the downwind leg. Contact Jacarepagua Tower, say this situation and request priority landing.

Áudio: ANAC 123. I will give you priority to land. Cleared to continue approach for base leg. Confirm if the baggage front door is opened.

 

What did the controller say? Thank you. This is the end of part two. Let’s move on to the third part of the test.

Part III – UNEXPECTED SITUATIONS 

In this part of the test, you will listen to three different communications between pilots and air traffic controllers.

 

The recordings will be played twice. There is a five-second pause before the recording is repeated. After listening to the recording, you should tell me everything that the pilot and the controller said.

I will then ask you a question.

 

At the end of Part three, I will ask you to compare the three situations, so please take notes. All information is important. Do you have any questions?

 

Situation 1) Pilot: Miami Approach. Aero Mexico 344. We have a medical emergency. We are leaving 15,000 feet to 5,000 feet. Our captain is incapacitated. We request to land. Runway 26 Right.

 

ATC: Aero Mexico 344. Miami Approach. Roger. Altimeter setting 2545. Runway 27 is also available. Wind is calm. Pilot: We accept runway 27. Aero Mexico 344.

 

Tell me everything you heard, please.

 

How are training programs to prepare pilots to deal with pilot incapacitation?

 

Situation 2) Pilot: Miami Tower. Iberia 3465. We had a bird-ingestion during takeoff and we lost thrust on our right engine. We request immediate return to Miami.

 

ATC: Iberia 3465. Roger. Maintain 5,000 feet and turn left. Heading 080. Expect visual approach for runway 15.

 

Tell me everything you heard, please.

 

What should a pilot do if a bird-ingestion happens during climb?

 

Situation 3) ATC: Lufthansa 341. Montreal Center. Under radar surveillance. Confirm if you are at FL200. Temperature – 20 degrees.

 

Pilot: Montreal Center. We have disagreement on our altimeters. Altimeter one indicates FL220 and the other indicates 200 feet lower, Lufthansa 341.

 

Tell me everything you heard, please.

 

How can the difference in instruments interfere in the communication between pilots and controllers?

 

 

Now, after listening to these three situations: How would you compare them, which one do you think is the most difficult to deal with and why? You may want to compare them in terms of severity, possible solutions or ways of prevention.

Thank you! This is the end of part three. Let’s now move on to the last part of the test, part four.

Part IV - PICTURE DESCRIPTION AND  DISCUSSION

In this part of the test, you will tell me what you can see in this picture and what you think is happening in it. After that, I will ask you some questions. Look at the picture carefully. You may take a few moments to think before you start talking. Are the instructions clear?

1) Please describe this picture to me.

 

2) What do you think happened before this picture was taken?

 

3) Now imagine that this picture has just been taken: What do you think will happen next?

 

4) What are the dangers during boarding passengers?

 

5) How could accidents be prevented during passenger boarding?

 

6) Now, I am going to read a statement to you and then you will have to tell me to what extent you agree or disagree with it: “Although the air companies are responsible for the safety of the passenger. If a passenger does not follow the rules he can be also responsible if he injures during boarding procedure.”

 

Ok, thank you! So this is the end of the test.

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