Test 07 - Transcription
Part I – AVIATION TOPICS
Ok, shall we start? In this part, you will answer some questions related to aviation.
1) Why do pilots need to take medical exams? How often do pilots need to take medical exams?
2) In your opinion, how do you think communications will change in the next ten years? And do you think air traffic control communications in Brazil should be in English?
3) What recommendations did your instructor give you before your check ride? How did you feel on your first check ride?
Thank you. This is the end of part one. Let’s move on to the second part of the test.
Part II – INTERACTING AS A PILOT
In this part, you will interact with the Air Traffic Control in five different situations. You may ask the controller to say again once. After listening to the controller, you should interact as the pilot.
All information is important. You may take notes if you wish.
You are the pilot of a twin-engined aircraft. Your call sign is ANAC 123.
Are the instructions clear? OK, so let’s start. Situation number one:
Situation 1) You are receiving vectors to land at Heathrow Airport. Listen to London Control and read back.
Áudio: ANAC 123. Turn left. Heading 100 degrees. Descend FL150. Reduce speed to 240 knots.
Now, you received instructions to hold at Ockham VOR at FL080. You have been waiting on the holding pattern for 40 minutes and you are running out of fuel. Call London Control and inform that you need to land in 15 minutes.
Áudio: ANAC 123. Keep present heading. Expect vectors to intercept ILS 27 Right. I understood you need to land in 25 minutes. Confirm.
What did the controller say? Thank you. This is the end of situation number 1. Now, situation number 2.
Situation 2) You are flying from Miami to New York at FL350. Your maximum ceiling due to weight constraints is FL390. Listen to Houston Center and read back.
Áudio: ANAC 123. Houston Center. Squawk ident. Keep FL350. Be aware of icing conditions at FL270 up to FL290. Say your intentions.
Now, you have realized you have a malfunction in the de-icing system and you can face icing conditions. Call Houston Center, inform this situation, request to descend to FL230 and to divert to Charlotte Airport.
Áudio: ANAC 123. Your message was blocked. Follow your flight plan and maintain FL350.
What did the controller say?
Thank you. This is the end of situation number 2. Now, situation number 3.
Situation 3) You have just taken off from Frankfurt Airport. Listen to Frankfurt Tower and read back.
Áudio: ANAC 123. Departure ROTEN is restricted at FL080. Contact Frankfurt Departure on frequency 118.50, if negative 120.8.
Now, you have realized you have a wheel well fire indication. You decide to return to Frankfurt. Call Frankfurt Departure, report this situation and say your intentions.
Áudio: ANAC 123. Roger. Turn left. Heading 010. Descend to FL070. Expect vectors for runway 25 left. Confirm if you have limitations on the final due to a wheel problem.
What did the controller say?
Thank you. This is the end of situation number 3. Now, situation number 4.
Situation 4) You are on the final approach to land at Guararapes Airport. Listen to Recife Tower and read back.
Áudio: ANAC 123. Maintain approach for runway 18, circling to runway 36. Report on the downwind leg.
Now, you were cleared to land and this situation happened to you. (Show this picture to the test taker). Call Recife Tower to report this situation and your intentions.
Áudio: ANAC 123. Turn left. Report on downwind leg. Runway 36. Confirm if you are going around because of a runway incursion.
What did the controller say? Thank you. This is the end of situation number 4. Now, situation number 5.
Situation 5) You are going to receive taxi instructions to take-off from Malpensa Airport in Milan. Listen to Malpensa Ground Control and read back.
Áudio: ANAC 123. Taxi to the holding point, runway 35 left. Be aware of Delta Airlines 747 coming from your right taxiing from taxiway Yankee to Golf Whisky. Contact Tower to cross the runway on frequency 119.0.
Now, while you are turning to the holding point, this situation happened to you. (Show this picture to the test taker). Call Malpensa Tower, report your problem and say your intentions.
Áudio: ANAC 123. I understood you are holding short on runway 35 left. Cleared to cross the runway to the holding point, runway 35 Right via taxiway Golf Echo Charlie.
What did the controller say?
Thank you. This is the end of part two. Let’s move on to the third part of the test.
Part III – UNEXPECTED SITUATIONS
In this part of the test, you will listen to three different communications between pilots and air traffic controllers.
The recordings will be played twice. There is a five-second pause before the recording is repeated. After listening to the recording, you should tell me everything that the pilot and the controller said. I will then ask you a question.
At the end of Part three, I will ask you to compare the three situations, so please take notes. All information is important. Do you have any questions?
Situation 1) Pilot: Toronto Center. Tiger 2345. We are at FL350. We have a malfunction in our auto pilot and we had to disconnect it. We request to descend to FL310.
ATC: Tiger 2345. Toronto Center. Cleared to descend to FL310.
Tell me everything you heard, please. In your opinion, when can a pilot fly without an auto pilot? When does a pilot need to disconnect the auto pilot?
Situation 2) ATC: American 4324. New York Oceanic. Turn left. Heading 180. Descend to FL340. Call Laguardia Approach on 120.8.
Pilot: New York Oceanic. American 4324. We are unable to comply with the instructions due to endurance limitation. We request to maintain FL380.
Tell me everything you heard, please. From your point of view, when can ATC instructions be disregarded by pilots?
Situation 3) Pilot: São Paulo Departure. PP-TRS. We have suffered a lightning strike. Our left engine is damaged. We request immediate return and priority to land.
ATC: PP-TRS. São Paulo Departure. Turn left. Heading 090. Intercept localizer final approach runway 27 Right. Maintain 6,000 feet. Altimeter setting 1017.
Tell me everything you heard, please. What are the threats caused by a lightning strike?
Now, after listening to these three situations: How would you compare them, which one do you think is the most difficult to deal with and why? You may want to compare them in terms of severity, possible solutions or ways of prevention.
Thank you! This is the end of part three. Let’s now move on to the last part of the test, part four.
Part IV - PICTURE DESCRIPTION AND DISCUSSION
In this part of the test, you will tell me what you can see in this picture and what you think is happening in it. After that, I will ask you some questions. Look at the picture carefully. You may take a few moments to think before you start talking. Are the instructions clear?
1) Please describe this picture to me.
2) What do you think happened before this picture was taken?
3) Now imagine that this picture has just been taken: What do you think will happen next?
4) Do you think the usage of simulators to train pilots made the industry safer?
5) From your point of view, what is the most challenging emergency situation that a pilot can face up to?
6) Now, I am going to read a statement to you and then you will have to tell me to what extent you agree or disagree with it: “Although simulators can recreate aircraft operations, it is easier for pilots to deal with emergency situations in simulators than in real flights.”
Ok, thank you! So this is the end of the test.